Pink Floyd: a short description of the group
(thanks to Wikipedia for the content and please consult it for a complete reading)
Pink Floyd are a British rock band formed in the mid- sixties who has managed to rewrite the musical trends of his time, becoming one of the most important bands in history.
Although at the beginning it is mainly dedicated to the psychedelic and space rock, the kind that best defines the work of Pink Floyd, characterized by a consistent philosophical research, experiments in sound, innovative graphics and spectacular stage shows, is progressive rock.
In 2008, it was estimated to have sold about 250 million albums worldwide, including 74.5 million in just the United States of America.
The group, born in London in 1965, was founded by singer and guitarist Roger Keith "Syd" Barrett, bassist George Roger Waters, drummer Nicholas Berkeley "Nick" Mason and keyboardist Richard William "Rick" Wright. In 1968, he joined the band guitarist Jon David "Dave" Gilmour, replacing Barrett, forced psychiatric problems exacerbated by the use of hard drugs to leave the group.
The band, having been noticed thanks to the work of psychedelic mold, reaches maturity with Atom Heart Mother and Meddle, and states around the world with The Dark Side of the Moon and the subsequent albums, including Wish You Were Here, Animals and the Wall, delivering the four to the history of rock.
In 1985, Waters left the band and the remaining members after winning the short legal battle to determine who it was up to continue using the name Pink Floyd. The formation ceases its activities in 1995, finally dissolving in 2006, when Gilmour officially denied the opportunity of a meeting. In 2008, due to the death of Wright, turn off the hopes of the fans to review the band live with all four components to complete.
The origins of the band
Pink Floyd formed in London in 1965, when Syd Barrett joined a band of students from the Polytechnic Institute of Architecture of the British capital, to replace a singer named Chris Dennis: The group was called The Tea Set, and in it included Nick Mason, Roger Waters, Richard Wright and Bob Klose. The band was enjoying moderate success, establishing itself as one of the most popular formations of the underground in London in the late sixties.
When the Tea Set discovered that their name has already been used by another band, Barrett proposes "The Pink Floyd Sound", the union of the names of two bluesmen: Pink Anderson and Floyd "Dipper Boy" Council. The word "sound" was quickly removed, and the article "The" resisted until 1970 and is used to identify the work Barrett era. The two albums in 1969, More and Ummagumma, the first of the post- Barrett, labeled "Pink Floyd", but as a receivable is written, "produced by The Pink Floyd". On vinyl Atom Heart Mother, dated 1970 third album after the release of Barrett, has written âThe Pink Floyd" and under âProduced by Pink Floyd." David Gilmour, however, continues to use the product until 1984.
Bob Klose, given its blues attitude that makes him prefer the more conservative semi-acoustic guitars compared to Fender Stratocaster, left the group after recording only a demo acetate. So Barrett was on vocals and guitar, Waters on bass, Wright on keyboards and percussion Mason. Syd immediately began writing songs, influenced by the current psychedelic those years living in the heyday, and his creations were played frequently in concerts at the UFO club, the Marquee Club and the Roundhouse, local symbol of the London underground scene. At the end of 1966, the band was invited to contribute to the soundtrack of the documentary Tonite Let's All Make Love in London by Peter Whitehead, with the songs Interstellar Overdrive and Nickâs Boogie, recorded in 1967. Excerpts of these records are in the movie London '66 - '67, released in 2005, signed by the director himself.
Because of increasing popularity, in October 1966, the group established, along with manager Peter Jenner and Andrew King, Blackhill Enterprises, a company engaged in the distribution of single Arnold Layne in March 1967 and in June of See Emily Play the same year. The first song reached number 20 in the UK charts, while the second draws the number 6, yielding the bandâs first appearance on TV program Top of the Pops in June 1967. 5th August of the same year, they released The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, the debut album, which is considered the first example of British psychedelic music and generally praised by critics.
The disc was in fact referred to by some critics as one of the best debut albums in rock history. The songs on the album, mostly written by Barrett, are characterized by poetic texts, often influenced by folk, and range from bold sound experiments as Interstellar Overdrive to extravagances such as The Scarecrow. Produced by Norman Smith, the album is square to its exit in 6th place on the UK charts, even if it fails to match this result overseas, where it reaches only the position 131. Floyd, with this work, are the first to use expansions and atmospheres mold of science fiction, actually opening the doors to the season of the space rock. The band experiments, also in this period, the first light show, engaging the audience with the projection of images, slides, and heavy use of an efficient lighting system, which will be strengthened and perfected over time.
The farewell of Syd Barrett
The stress of life on the road and the abuse of drugs, particularly LSD, begin to undermine the mental health of Barrett and in January 1968, his friend David Gilmour joined the band to help play and sing live. The behaviour of Syd , however, soon becomes untenable: more and more frequently was absent and estranged from reality and as evidenced by the other members of the group, it happened that in the middle of a concert started staring into space or decided to forget the strings of your guitar during a performance without any reason. It also happens that you do not even exist at the time of performing.
In the end, the band stops counting on him, the last of which took part in the concert held January 20, 1968 in Hastings. This event also coincides with the left of manager Jenner and King, who decide to stay with him, thinking that the band will not be able to continue without it. In their place, replaced Steve OâRourke, who has remained with the Floyd until 2003, the year of his death. The last song composed by Syd Barrett Pink Floyd appears on the album A Saucerful of Secrets titled Jugband Blues. After recording two solo albums in 1970, The Madcap Laughs and Barrett, produced by Norman Smith, co-produced and occasionally played by Gilmour, Waters and Wright, Barrett retired to his hometown, Cambridge, where he leads a quiet life and secluded until the day of his death, which occurred July 7, 2006.
With the leaving of Barrett fromthe group, Gilmour, Waters and Wright, who share the tasks of both vocals and composition; drive the band with equal weight. Waters must compositions in jazz style, often characterized by a dominant bass riff with complex texts and symbolic; Gilmour's songs are mostly blues matrix; Wright on the other hand you have the wall of sound of keyboards, in particular electronic organ Farfisa Compact Duo, used until 1971. This collaboration pair of the three years, however, undergoes a slow degradation; up to bring Waters, at the end of the seventies, the role of the central figure, relegating the other members in marginal positions.
The Pink Floyd music experimentalism...
A Saucerful of Secrets, 1968, is the work in which it appears the most amount of sound experiments in the discography of Pink Floyd: electronic noises, feedback, oscillators and screams primitive Waters characterize the tracks on the album. The album was released in June and reached number 9 in the UK, and does not appear in the American charts. On this record, there is still a trace of Barrett, author of Jugband Blues guitarist and Remember a Day, already recorded during the sessions for The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, and Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sunâs remaining tracks Barrett is replaced by David Gilmour, guitar style that expresses a less adventurous and surreal, but more elegant and equally distinctive.
In the same year Floyd, also wrote some pieces for the soundtrack of the film The Committee Peter Sykes. Ummagumma continues the discussion started with the previous work, characterized by sound experiments in psychedelic style. The property is very special, because it is a double album , the first disc was recorded live April 27, 1969 at the Mothers Club in Birmingham and May 2 at Manchester College of Commerce of Manchester, with the addition in the studio some vocals; the second, however, contains five tracks, each consisting of a single component of the group. The poems are divided into several tracks: the Wright four of those Gilmour and Mason in three, while Waters made two individual tracks, and therefore distinct, named respectively Grantchester Meadows Several Species of Small Furry Animals Gathered Together in a Cave and Grooving with a Pict.
The album was released in the UK October 25, 1969 and in the U.S. on November 10. The acceptance of criticism was not the best, although recently the album has been partially re-evaluated. The record, however, reached the position number 5 in the UK and number 74 in the U.S., letting the Floyd in the top 100 for the first time. It was certified gold in February 1974 and platinum in March 1994. During this time the band performs live the suite The Man and the Journey, consisting of songs from the early years of the group and material that appears in Soundtrack from the Film More and Ummagumma.
In Atom Heart Mother, released October 10, 1970, we detect a turning point in the artistic career of Pink Floyd, who leave this work to embrace the psychedelic progressive rock. The participation of an entire orchestra and collaboration with composer Ron Geesin make the eponymous title track, an important point of reference in the world of progressive. A newspaper article about a woman with a pacemaker who was able to give birth inspired the name, decided at the last minute. Also the famous cover, depicting a cow grazing in a meadow and become one of the most famous in the history of rock. The first part of the disc is entirely occupied by the homonymous suites over 23 minutes long, a song by the rock group and orchestra, the result of a collective work, for the most part derived from improvisations in the studio. Ron Geesin, a pioneer of experimental music in Britain, you have the orchestration, which gives an epic track.
The second side of the disc contains one track for each member of the group, as well as a final track, Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast, a song composed by extravagant rumours of a man who prepares and consumes an English breakfast, with instrumental parts in the background. Despite the album represented a break with the past and is still considered one of the most difficult album to listen to , it gets to its output a very positive result record , the best so far: Number 1 in the UK and number 55 in the USA . These results allow the band to embark on his first tour in America. Between 1970 and 1975, the Pink Floyd Sound assumes a final shape, the result of the mixing of the styles of Gilmour, Waters and Wright. It is in this period, in fact, coming out of the albums that brought Pink Floyd to sell millions of records all over the world.
Meddle, released in 1971, is the prelude to all this: Echoes, a suite of more than 23 minutes that fills the second side of the vinyl and continues the work begun by Atom Heart Mother , is defined by Waters as a "sonic poem," and is considered a masterpiece by many fans of the group. Mason talking about Meddle calls it the first real Pink Floyd album. He introduced the idea of a theme that can be repeated. Meddle places it at number 3 in the UK and only the number 70 in the United States because, according to Mason, inadequate advertising by Capitol Records. The album was also positively reviewed by critics, as well as appreciated by the fans.
That same year, the director Stanley Kubrick asked the group to be able to use the music of Atom Heart Mother for the film A Clockwork Orange, but the proposal was rejected for fear of negative publicity. Kubrick would be able to make up much later, when Waters asked the director to be able to use the impersonal voice of HAL 9000, the computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey, in his Amused to Death. The refusal of the director, then replicate Waters including a recorded message on the contrary to the principle of Perfect Sense.
In 1972, Pink received the offer to shoot a concert film: Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii, shot by director Adrian Maben and set in Italy in the Roman amphitheatre in Pompeii. The video is a significant step in the group's career, and for the concept of running in an empty space, for both audio-visual effects used, even if added in the new edition called Director's Cut, released on DVD only in 2003. Another collaboration in film is represented by Obscured by Clouds soundtrack to the film by Barbet Schroeder, La Vallee, published in 1972. Disc is square for the first time in the top 50 American, precisely at number 46 and number 6 at home. Despite the enthusiasm of Mason, who calls it an album "sensational" , the criticism is not particularly good in the reviews , probably due to the fact that the tracks offer a sort of recreation of technological Floyd sound , in which Waters and his companions explore freely the territories of analogue electronics.
The prism and The Dark Side of the Moon
The consecration of the prism released on March 24, 1973 The Dark Side of the Moon has sold 45 million copies worldwide, becoming the third best-selling album of all time. It remained for 741 weeks (about 14 years old, still unbeaten record) on the Billboard 200 the magazine of American music, from which only came out in the eighties. It is the first Pink Floyd album in placing the number 1 position of the U.S. charts, and has not exceeded the number 2 in the UK, while appearing in them for 301 weeks and getting critical acclaim. The album, played in concert since 1972, is a concept album that offers a conceptual music and heterodox, which are flanked by texts from the deep philosophical content and reflection on the human condition, which will feature the remaining group's career. While the musical point of view collaborate all four components - in a more or less important - the lyrics are written entirely by Waters.
The topics cover various aspects of human nature: Speak to Me Breathe and talk about the birth and infancy; Time, which is incorporated within the track Breathe (Reprise), addresses the issue of aging and overwhelming and fast approaching death, with the youth that passes before we can give an account; The Great Gig in the Sky explores religious thoughts and death; Money mocks greed and consumerism; Us and Them refers to the conflict, ethnocentrism and the fact that each considers himself always on the side of reason; Brain Damage looks at mental illness, shows how the madness is only relative, and as the old ports away from those who had at one time; Finally, Eclipse, the last track on the album, said the agency and the randomness of events. The use of advanced recording techniques by Alan Parsons and impactful sound effects do the hard work different from previous productions of the group, certainly the most famous, and for many the best of Pink Floyd.
The cover was designed by Storm Thorgerson of Hipgnosis studio, is one of the most famous in rock history: it depicts, on a completely black background, a prism struck by a beam of white light is broken, thanks to the phenomenon of optical dispersion, in the visible spectrum of electromagnetic radiation.
Repeating the success of Dark Side would not be easy, for that reason, Floyd initially thought to produce an album totally different from the previous one, in order to avoid as much as possible a comparison between the two works, which are unlikely to be concluded in favour of the new arrived Household objects, playing a musical experiment performed common objects, such as rubber bands and glasses, as if they were musical instruments, however, is soon set aside. The new album, played with traditional instruments, is instead entitled Wish You Were Here. Posted September 15, 1975, the disc was the theme of absence: the lack of humanity in the music industry and, above all, the absence of Syd Barrett. Well known for the eponymous song, album, mostly instrumental, has as its main theme the song Shine on You Crazy Diamond, divided into two parts, the first of which opens the album, and the second closes it. This track, which takes part in the saxophone Dick Parry, already present in the previous album, is a tribute to the former leader of the band, culminating in a major speech synthesizer, which gives way, at the end, the theme of See Emily Play, a song written by Barrett.
The remaining tracks, Welcome to the Machine and Have a Cigar describe, according to many opinions, the ratio of Syd respectively with the outside world and with the environment of the show, both considered, along with drug abuse, contributing cause of his imbalance mental. The album reached the number one position in both the UK and the U.S., with great critical acclaim.
On July 9, 1975, during the recording of the album Abbey Road Studios, Syd Barrett appears that the members of the group recognize only after several minutes. In appearance very fat, the request for an explanation, he replied: I put a large refrigerator in the kitchen, and lately I've been eating a lot of pork.
Animals and the wall of Waters
The growth of popularity coincided with the intensification of conflicts within the group, particularly between Waters and Gilmour. This creates a predominance of Waters on the other members if in the last two works, in fact, his influence was mainly detectable in the texts, with the whole idea of the album Animals also must be attributed to the bass player. The topics proposed by Waters, which continue through the next two works are recurrent: the death of his father in World War II, the cruelty of the music industry, individualism and alienation in modern society, in addition to the criticism of some personality policies of the time, especially Margaret Thatcher and Mary Whitehouse.
The album, recorded at Britannia Row Studios and published January 23 , 1977 in the UK and February 2 in the United States and Canada, reached the number 2 position in domestic and overseas the number 3. However, some critics described the album as "dull and gloomy". The disc is one of the most dominated by guitar, thanks to the influence of the nascent punk rock movement that year, and is permeated by the idea that people can be divided into three categories, pigs, sheep and dogs, recalling the theme Orwell developed animal Farm. For each of the three species is a dedicated track on the album , which is completed by Pigs on the Wing , divided into two parts which open and close (in the same way in which Shine On You Crazy Diamond was separated and placed in Wish You were Here).
This work is the most influenced by political issues in the floydish discography and the criticism of capitalism and, to a lesser extent, religion is often obvious. The icon of the album is the Pink Floyd pig, a giant inflatable pig that appears in the album cover, photographed while flying over Battersea Power Station.
In 1978, due to legal issues, the band is forced to leave the UK for a year, during which time the members are dedicated to personal commitments, and when the time comes to gather ideas are few. Waters, however, has meanwhile started work on two projects: The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking, and The Wall. The first solo album will become a bassist, while the second will be another record success for Pink Floyd. The Wall is a rock opera conceived right from the genesis as albums, movies and live entertainment. The album comes out November 30, 1979 and is number three in the UK and one in the U.S., remaining there for 15 weeks. It is ranked at 87 th place in the list of the 500 greatest albums according to Rolling Stone and has been certified 23x platinum by the RIAA with 11.5 million copies sold in the U.S. alone.
The song Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2) also becomes the only single from Floyd to reach the number 1 position on the charts, while the other two hit singles are Comfortably Numb and Run like Hell. The work, conceived by Waters, deals with the themes of loneliness and lack of communication due to the presence of a wall (in English "wall") place among the people: this barrier is constructed from modern society, whose criticism was also developed in the previous album. At the end of the work falls on the wall, leaving room for a positive message of hope: "Alone or in pairs | the ones who really love you | walking up and down outside the wall." These concepts are presented through the story of a rock star named Pink, which is clearly distinct from the figure Waters, for the reasons mentioned above that constructs the wall that separates it from other people and that leads him to madness, from which only the free after a sort of mental process (the Trial), which condemns him, and that leads to destruction of the wall.
The Waters era (1979-1985): expulsion of Wright and success of The Wall
During the final stages of the recording of the album, Waters expelled Wright from the band, who will be relegated to the role of sideman because, according to Waters, a lack of commitment and addiction to cocaine keyboardist. Mason, in his book Inside Out - The first autobiography of Pink Floyd, Waters says that he was impelled to do so by the refusal of the keyboard interrupt his vacation ahead of time to get back in the studio.
From the album Waters wrote a film, directed by Alan Parker and starring Bob Geldof in the lead role. It is titled Pink Floyd the Wall and published August 6, 1982, with great success: almost $ 15 million at the box office in the United States. The film tells the track on the album, to the exclusion of differing tracks Empty Spaces, Hey You and The Show Must Go On, as well as the addition of two new songs: What Shall We Do Now? , Excluding album original for reasons of space and similar in structure to Empty Spaces, and When the Tigers Broke Free. The film, with no dialogue, alongside the scenes of animation created by Gerald Scarfe. Given the enormous proportions of the preparation and the inevitable organizational and logistical problems, the traveling tour is replaced by the execution of more concerts in the same place.
In 1980 The Wall Tour will only three stages: at the Sports Arena in Los Angeles and at the Nassau Coliseum in New York in February, Earls Court in London in August. The following year, the tour continues with two other exhibits, in Dortmund in February and again at Earls Court in June.
The Final Cut
In 1983, the dominance of Waters on the other components is complete: The Final Cut is the result. The album traces streets already widely developed in the previous two works, adding some more current issues such as the participation of Britain in the Falklands War or the possibility of a nuclear war. Richard Wright did not take part in the album, and in its place, there are Michael Kamen and Andy Bown.
The album cover does not contain text , while on the back it reads only, "The Final Cut - A requiem for the post -war dream by Roger Waters , performed by Pink Floyd : Roger Waters , David Gilmour, Nick Mason ." The style of the album is similar to the previous record The Wall, and the result is the number 1 position in the UK and number 6 in the USA. The only song that collects a following radio is Not Now John, the only hard rock track. Nevertheless between Waters and Gilmour reports are not good, being convinced that the guitarist Waters Consider the music only as a means to their own texts, at the expense of sound quality. Not be followed by a tour album, but a compilation Works.
Waters leaves the group
In December 1985, Waters announced his separation from Pink Floyd, calling them "a waste of energy," probably thinking that his departure would lead to the end of the group. In fact, this follows a small legal battle, settled in favour of the remaining components Gilmour and Mason, in order to determine who it was for taking forward the name of the group.
The Gilmour era (1985-1996): Momentary Lapse of Reason and the return of Wright
In 1987, he released the album A Momentary Lapse of Reason, which sits at number 3 both at home and in the States. Since Waters was previously the author of most of the floydish texts for this job Gilmour and Mason are turning to external lyricists: Ezrin, who had previously worked with the group, it becomes a co-producer and author of several texts; Jon Carin writes the words of Learning to Fly, as well as being the keyboard player in many of the tracks on the album; also collaborates Richard Wright, who is officially reintroduced in the group with the next tour.
A Momentary Lapse of Reason is the album most influenced by Gilmour: All tracks lead in fact his signature. The traces have complex arrangements and bombastic instrumental digressions. In the second song, learning to fly, there is the presence of vocalists, also characteristic of One Slip. The martial gait and threatening of The Dogs of War seems to recover, as the atmosphere of The Wall Yet another Movie is an experiment to update the sound Floyd: slow and heavily marked, sees long guitar feedback marry keyboards.
Sorrow then makes honour to the guitar style of Gilmour, A New Machine and the instrumental piece Terminal Frost complete the disc, along with the ballad On the Turning Away, a sort of ideal sequel of Us and Them. The long tour undertaken between 1987 and 1989, which also includes the concert - broadcast live worldwide - held in Venice, July 15, 1989 on a floating stage in the Basin of San Marco, is enjoying considerable success and closes at Knebworth Park in June 1990. Two singles from the album end up on top of the U.S. Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks: Learning to fly and On the Turning Away.
A year later, the band released a double live album entitled Delicate Sound of Thunder and recorded some songs for the film La Carrera Panamericana, which also includes Gilmour and Mason as pilots.
The Division Bell
The next time The Division Bell also participates Wright, who makes a significant contribution to the recording of the album, which comes out March 30, 1994 in the UK and April 5 of the same year in the U.S., peaking at number 1 on the charts in both countries and selling over 12 million copies. The Division Bell is a concept album that speaks, as in The Wall, lack of understanding between individuals, the problem with which the three components had to do, including lawsuits and divorces. Also participates in the drafting of the texts journalist Polly Samson, Gilmour engaged, who is recovering from divorce after nearly 20 years of marriage, with his former wife Ginger. In the texts also no shortage of references to Waters, as in Lost for Words, and Barrett, in Poles Apart. Songs such as Marooned and Keep Talking High Hopes drive the disc.
The album follows a massive world tour, which trace remains in P * U * L * S * E, released the following year, taken from the concerts held in several locations in Europe and contains the first full version of Live The Dark Side of the Moon. The quality of live is very high: the formation uses two guitars, two keyboards, bass, drums, percussion, saxophone and three singers.
The end and the following years (1996 - today)
In 2000, he published the last live album of the group, recorded during the tour of The Wall between 1980 and 1981 in London and entitled Is There Anybody Out There?: The Wall Live 1980-1981, reached number 19 in the USA.
In 2001, he released instead Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd, a collection of double-disc containing 26 premastered tracks specially that has reached triple platinum.
On July 2, 2005, at Live 8, the big musical event organized by his friend Bob Geldof to raise awareness about poverty and the problems of Africa, Pink Floyd return to perform in their training history, including Roger Waters, performing five songs representative of their musical adventure: Speak to Me, Breathe, which was also merged Breathe (Reprise) Money Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb During the summer tour of Waters of the same year, in the performances of Magny- Cours in France, Hyde Park in London, Reykjavik in Iceland and the Lucca Summer Festival, Nick Mason joins the band in the second half of the concert, while Wright, who had participated in the tour solo by David Gilmour, the declines'offer as busy with new solo album.
The same Nick Mason, below, is added to David Gilmour and Richard Wright in the third final evening of the tour on an Island guitarist at the Royal Albert Hall in London, May 31, 2006, reassembling the two songs by Pink Floyd: Wish You Were here and Comfortably Numb. This is the first appearance of the trio after the Live 8 and, according to Gilmour, the last act of Pink Floyd.
Waters and Pink Floyd meet again, however, and its streets May 10, 2007 at a concert organized in memory of Syd Barrett, who died in Cambridge July 7th of last year. Despite the expectation of the fans, however, the four did not play together: Waters performs in the first part of the show with Jon Carin, performing her Flickering Flame, a song that deals with the theme of a dead friend, the three Floyd sound immediately after the old Arnold Layne, without Waters, accompanied by the same Carin and bassist Oasis' Andy Bell. The reason for this choice was to not wanting to draw attention away from the star of the evening, or Syd Barrett.
Monday, September 15, 2008 it is announced the death of Richard Wright, which took place 65 years after a short fight against cancer. Gilmour and his band pay homage to Wright during the British show Later ... with Jools Holland playing the song Day to Remember, however, never performed live before, and taken from the album A Saucerful of Secrets.
On 10 July 2010, David Gilmour and Roger Waters decided to return to playing together, after five years from the last performance at Live 8, during a benefit concert for the Hoping Foundation. The event is particularly important because it is known the bitterness that for nearly thirty years has characterized the relationship between the two musicians. Gilmour, in return for the participation of the invention friend and colleague, is taking part in the date of 12 May 2011 of the world tour of The Wall in London playing Comfortably Numb with Waters. At the end of the concert, during the greetings and the final song Outside the Wall, as well as Roger Waters and his band were on stage David Gilmour and Nick Mason.
In 2013 Roger Waters played in Padua his show "The Wall" and in the same period, the Cultural Association Floydseum organized the exhibition dedicated to this work, full of events and characters like David Appleby, Glenn Povey and Gerald Scarfe who talked about their personal relationship with the members of the band.
The success of the exhibition of Floydseum in Padua, allowed organizing an exhibition later the next year, 2014, to celebrate and relive the excitement of the Pink Floyd concert held in Venice, July 15, 1989 in front of over 250,000 people and TV live. The association has presented "The Night of Wonder", a collection of photos, movies and unique pieces from esteemed collectors and fans around the world, in the beautiful former church Santa Marta in Venice.